Signing a lease
When you are about to sign a rental agreement, please read the terms carefully and make sure they describe clearly what you have agreed to. Do not sign a lease without reading the terms – a rental agreement is a legal contract. Do not pay any deposit in advance without having a contract.
A number of provisions in the Tenants Laws are mandatory with no option to negotiate less protection for a tenant. Other provisions can be negotiated and may offer a tenant less protection than what the Tenants Laws prescribe.
If you use the standard rental agreement developed by the Danish Ministry of Housing, which is preferred by landlords, the text in bold and italics are terms, which are valid deviations from the Tenants Laws.
There is no official translation of the standard rental agreement in English; however we have made an unofficial English translation which is merely for comprehension purposes.
In case of any inconsistencies between the official Danish version and the unofficial English translation, the Danish version is authoritative.
Make a note of the rent and what it consists of - is heating, water etc. included? You can be asked to pay up to three months deposit and three months advance payment of rent, which is within the terms of the law. The notice of termination is typically three months. Do pay your rent any utilities and regulation of rent on the due date. If you don't, it is a reason for eviction.
Also make sure to read and understand the move-out conditions - are you required to refurbish (paint etc.) the rented property when you move-out? This is a quite common term in Denmark.
Disputes with a landlord
Housing and Rent Tribunal Each municipality has a Housing and Rent Tribunal (Huslejenævn) that makes decisions in cases between a landlord and a tenant. This is regarding issues in pursuant to par 106 of the Tenant Consolidation Act and chapter II-V in Boligreguleringsloven, such as: the size of the rent; move-in and move-out conditions; heating and water; maintenance, deposit and advance payment of rent. The Housing and Rent Tribunal is not a Court of Law; it is an administrative Tribunal.
Decisions from the Housing and Rent Tribunal can be appealed to a special Housing Court. You can submit a compliant to the Housing and Rent Tribunal yourself, and you do not need to use a legal advisor. For instructions, you may also visit International House.
The largest Tenants Organisation in Denmark is Lejernes LO (LLO). The organization provides legal counseling in housing and rent matters for its members.
If you need legal advice, you can also contact Københavns Retshjælp which is the largest organisation for legal assistance in Denmark.
Information for private lessors
Private lessors can access more information about our private lessors list by visiting our Danish website.